What is ESG?

ESG: What is it?

And why are ESG criteria a hot topic for companies and investors?

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ESG (Environmental, social and governance) criteria are of increasing interest to companies, their investors and other stakeholders. With growing concern about he ethical status of quoted companies, these standards are the central factors that measure the ethical impact and sustainability of investment in a company. ESG factors cover a wide spectrum of issues that have traditionally been excluded from financial analysis:



  • Climate change
  • Resource depletion
  • Waste and pollution
  • Deforestation



  • Working conditions, including use of child labour
  • Local communities
  • Conflict
  • Health and safety
  • Employee relations and diversity


  • Executive pay
  • Corruption
  • Political affiliations and donations
  • Board composition, diversity and structure
  • Tax strategy


As global interest in ethical investment grows, these factors have increasing financial relevance. There are many dedicated ESG professionals and many more who recognise the relevance of ESG information to gain a more meaningful understanding of corporate policy management and strategy.

ESG investing identifies and quantifies risks that are overlooked by traditional financial metrics, such as a company’s impact on the environment, its use of child labour or employee diversity. It is also concerned with executive pay, and how this relates to company performance, accounting and tax policies. Companies with sound policies are managed better and are more sustainable.

Today, ESG investing accounts for around a quarter of all professionally managed funds around the globe. Although institutional investors have a duty to maximise shareholder value, there is growing awareness that ESG ratings are an indicator of a company’s long-term performance, including return and risk, as well as its ethical standing.

One of the major barriers to successful investment had been a lack of quality, impartial data, but that’s changing rapidly.

CGLytics and the “G” of ESG

CGLytics provides an integrated web-based data technology platform that delivers up-to-the minute analysis on the Governance (the “G”) practices of the world’s leading listed companies.

Our services promote transparency, sustainable governance practices and responsible investments by providing actionable governance intelligence for better engagement and decision-making.

We are a signatory member of the UNPRI.