CGI Glass Lewis assesses both executive remuneration structure and outcomes, which is highly valuable when considering our support for remuneration reports of ASX-listed entities.

Concepts of appropriate structure and appropriate outcomes are related, given that strong remuneration structures should result in appropriate remuneration outcomes. However, we have found that a) the complexity of remuneration structures, b) challenges in measuring performance, and c) a large degree of discretion built in to remuneration structures (whether visible or not) often stretch this relationship.  To compensate, CGI Glass Lewis will often consider remuneration structure and remuneration outcomes independently so as to have each component act as a cross-check of the other.

A key element in an assessment of remuneration outcomes is the payout track record and payout variability over several years. Sophisticated remuneration structures should result in pay outcomes which vary in line with performance. Furthermore, the relationship between pay and performance should persist over longer periods as a result of common short-term incentives and long-term incentive remuneration structures.

CGLytics data has allowed us to consider the relationship between executive pay and company performance over a five-year period and has been a key element in our remuneration reports.

CGLytics in use

Sims Metal Management (“SGM”) buys and processes scrap metal from businesses, other recyclers and the general public with over 250 processing facilities in the United States, United Kingdom and Australasia.

CGLytics captures the total realizable pay of ASX300 CEO’s, including for SGM, where total realizable pay is the value of awards vested to the CEO in any given year. CGLytics tools have allowed the charting of realizable pay for the CEO of SGM against realizable pay for CEO’s of peer entities. CGLytics also captures the EBITDA performance for SGM and peers.

The CGLytics analysis, which is included in our Proxy Paper for the SGM 2019 AGM is presented below:

SGM Peer Groups

Looking at the charts, SGM has outperformed its peers on an EBITDA basis between 2015 and 2018 and the CEO’s realizable pay rose to match that.  In FY2019, EBITDA has dipped, which is matched by a significant drop in the CEO’s take home pay—notwithstanding the payout is still above those of peer groups.

We are please to see this relationship between performance and pay and can easily see the variability in pay outcomes over time, which corresponds to company performance as measured by EBITDA.

As SGM has no obvious direct peers listed on the ASX, a diversified approach to peer groups is used.  The first peer group, Country, is a group of 10 peer entities which are similar to SGM in terms of market capitalisation, revenues and employee numbers.  Similarly, the second peer group, Industry, is a group of 10 peer entities with similar size as in the Country peer group, but with the addition of a further industry filter.

A common problem for ASX-listed entities is the sourcing of appropriate peers. The use of the two sets of companies addresses the shortcomings of using a single peer group and allows us to see if trends and patterns persist when moving from one peer group to another.


CGI Glass Lewis assessed SGM’s 2019 remuneration structure as Fair following application of our Good/Fair/Poor assessment options.  This has historically been our assessment of SGM’s remuneration structure.

After reviewing of remuneration outcomes, including CGLytics charts which enable us to see historic payout variation and an ongoing relationship between pay and performance, we were comfortable in supporting the remuneration report proposal at the 2019 AGM.  In this case, using an assessment of remuneration outcomes has supported a Fair grading of remuneration structure and has given us confidence in SGM’s remuneration report.

Ultimately, the 2019 AGM held on November 14, 2019, SGM’s remuneration report proposal received support from 92.80% of votes cast.


Access Glass Lewis’ Say on Pay analysis – Available through CGLytics

For the 2020 proxy season, CGLytics data will provide the basis of Glass Lewis’ Say on Pay recommendations.

Latest Industry News, Views & Information

Aston Martin: Speeding Towards 8th Bankruptcy or Revitalization?

A skill-deficient board led to the overestimation of Aston Martin’s market appeal. How does the introduction of new CEO Tobias Moers impact Aston Martin’s board composition, skillset, and expertise?

Wirecard Pre- and Post-Scandal: A Board Effectiveness Analysis

This article examines Wirecard’s corporate governance practices, board effectiveness score compared to their DAX and sector peers, and shortfalls in board expertise pre- and post-scandal. is on a mission is on a mission to assert its dominance as one of the world’s leading online food delivery service providers. Mergers and acquisitions have resulted in an increase in bonuses for the CEO and the board, plus an improvement in board structure.